J Orofac Pain 10 (1996), No. 3 1. June 1996
J Orofac Pain 10 (1996), No. 3 (01.06.1996)
The reporting of pain, somatic complaints, and anxiety in a group of patients with TMD before and 2 years after treatment: Sex differences
Krogstad / Jokstad / Dahl / Vassend
The aim of this study was to assess possible gender differences regarding the reporting of pain, somatic complaints, and anxiety in a group of patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The group consisted of 40 females and 13 males who received conservative TMD treatment comprising counseling, muscle exercises, and a stabilization splint. Before and 2 years after treatment, the patients answered three questionnaires (McGill Pain Questionnaire [Norwegian version] including a six-point scale, the Present Pain Intensity; a Somatic Complaints Questionnaire; and the trait part of Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory). Before treatment, females reported greater persent pain intensity than did males. Two years after treatment, females reported less sensory and emotional pain than at the initial stage; males presented no reduction in these pain scores. There were no gender differences at either stage regarding somatic complaints or anxiety level scores.