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Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache



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J Orofac Pain 29 (2015), No. 4     20. Oct. 2015
J Orofac Pain 29 (2015), No. 4  (20.10.2015)

Page 331-339

Short-Term Sensorimotor Effects of Experimental Occlusal Interferences on the Wake-Time Masseter Muscle Activity of Females with Masticatory Muscle Pain
Cioffi, Iacopo / Farella, Mauro / Festa, Paola / Martina, Roberto / Palla, Sandro / Michelotti, Ambrosina
Aims: To investigate the effects of the application of an acute alteration of the occlusion (ie, interference) on the habitual masseter electromyographic (EMG) activity of females with temporomandibular disorders (TMD)-related muscular pain during wakefulness.
Methods: Seven female volunteers with masticatory myofascial pain participated in a crossover randomized clinical trial. Gold foils were glued on an occlusal contact area (active occlusal interference, AI) or on the vestibular surface of the same molar (dummy interference, DI) and left for 8 days. The masseter electromyogram was recorded during wakefulness in the natural environment by portable recorders under interference-free, dummyinterference, and active-interference conditions. The number, amplitude, and duration of EMG signal fractions with amplitudes above 10% of the maximum voluntary contraction (activity periods, APs) were computed in all experimental conditions. Muscle pain, headache, and perceived stress were each assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS), and an algometer was used to assess masseter and temporalis pressure pain thresholds. Data were analyzed by means of analysis of variance.
Results: The frequency and duration of the recorded APs did not differ significantly between the experimental conditions (P > .05), but a small and significant reduction of the EMG mean amplitude of the APs occurred with AI (P < .05). Neither the VAS scores for muscular pain, headache, and perceived stress nor the pressure pain thresholds changed significantly throughout the entire experiment (P > .05).
Conclusion: An active occlusal interference in female volunteers with masticatory muscle pain had little influence on the masseter EMG activity pattern during wakefulness and did not affect the pressure tenderness of the masseter and temporalis.

Keywords: craniomandibular disorders, electromyography, masseter muscle, occlusal interference, occlusion, temporomandibular disorders