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Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache



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J Orofac Pain 30 (2016), No. 2     20. May 2016
J Orofac Pain 30 (2016), No. 2  (20.05.2016)

Page 156-164

Achieved Competencies and Satisfaction in Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain Education
Nordin, Sara / Dawson, Andreas / Ekberg, Ewa Carin
Aims: To assess dental students' achieved competencies and perceived satisfaction with their temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and orofacial pain education and to compare these with the results of their final examination in TMD and orofacial pain.
Methods: Dental students from two consecutive classes (2011/2012 and 2012/2013) at the Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function at the dental school in Malmö, Sweden completed two self-evaluations, one at the beginning of semester seven and one at the end of semester eight. The questionnaire that they were given concerned achieved competencies and satisfaction with education in TMD and orofacial pain. Items focused on anatomy, physiology, and clinical training. Students estimated their competence and satisfaction on a numeric rating scale and described their idea of treating TMD and orofacial pain patients on a verbal rating scale. Outcome variables were tested with paired samples t test for differences over time and independent samples t test for between-class comparisons; both were adjusted for multiple testing with Bonferroni correction.
Results: Significant improvement in all items was observed for achieved competencies and satisfaction in both classes between semester seven and semester eight (P < .05). No differences in competencies or satisfaction occurred between classes at the end of the clinical course in semester eight (P > .05).
Conclusion: This study has shown that expansion in undergraduate TMD and orofacial pain education at the dental school in Malmö has allowed all students to develop the same level of competence, independent of prior experience. The study also pointed out that continuous evaluation and enhancement of TMD and orofacial pain education in undergraduate dental education is beneficial.

Keywords: education, problem-based learning, professional competence, temporomandibular joint disorders