J Orofac Pain 34 (2020), No. 1 24. Jan. 2020
J Orofac Pain 34 (2020), No. 1 (24.01.2020)
Effectiveness of Counseling on Chronic Pain Management in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders
de Barros Pascoal, Ana Luísa / de Freitas, Rodrigo Falcão Carvalho Porto / da Silva, Leonardo Florentino Grangeiro / Oliveira, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Costa / dos Santos Calderon, Patrícia
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of counseling on pain intensity and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients.
Methods: Fifty female patients diagnosed with TMD were divided into two groups: a group of waiting list patients (control group) and a group of patients who received counseling therapy (experimental group) involving education about etiologic factors, avoidance of parafunctional habits, and sleep, as well as dietary advice. All patients were evaluated at baseline and 7, 15, 30, and 60 days later. Patients reported pain intensity using a visual analog scale (VAS), and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to assess the impact of pain on OHRQoL. Statistical analyses were performed using the split-plot analysis of variance (SPANOVA) design, with post hoc Student t tests for independent samples and for dependent samples, adopting a significance level of P < .05.
Results: The control group consisted of 24 female patients with a mean age of 39.96 ± 13.93 years, and the experimental group consisted of 26 female patients with a mean age of 35.15 ± 10.78 years. Counseling was considered effective for reducing pain intensity, with a significant improvement observed at 7 days (P < .001). Counseling was also responsible for a significant improvement in the impact of TMD on OHRQoL at all follow-up time points analyzed (P < .001). When comparing the groups, a significant difference was observed for both pain intensity and TMD impact on OHRQoL during follow-up (P < .05).
Conclusion: Counseling seems to significantly improve pain and OHRQoL in patients.
Keywords: counseling, OHRQoL, orofacial pain, self-care, temporomandibular disorder