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Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache



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J Orofac Pain 34 (2020), No. 2     30. Apr. 2020
J Orofac Pain 34 (2020), No. 2  (30.04.2020)

Page 141-148

Manual Therapy in the Treatment of Myofascial Pain Related to Temporomandibular Disorders: A Systematic Review
de Melo, Laércio Almeida / Bezerra de Medeiros, Annie Karoline / Campos, Maria De Fátima Trindade Pinto / Bastos Machado de Resende, Camila Maria / Barbosa, Gustavo Augusto Seabra / de Almeida, Erika Oliveira
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of manual therapy in the treatment of myofascial pain related to temporomandibular disorders.
Methods: Randomized clinical trials were searched in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, and SciELO databases using the following keywords: temporomandibular joint disorders; craniomandibular disorders; myofascial pain syndromes; myofascial pain; exercise therapy; myofunctional therapy; physical therapy modalities; clinical trial; prospective studies; and longitudinal studies. Studies using the RDC/TMD and manual therapy for myofascial pain were included. All studies were evaluated using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool.
Results: Five studies were included in the present review. Of 279 total patients, 156 were treated with manual therapy only or manual therapy with counseling. Manual therapy was efficient for pain relief in all studies evaluated; however, manual therapy was not better than counseling or botulinum toxin.
Conclusion: Manual therapy was better than no treatment in one study and better than counseling in another study; however, manual therapy combined with counseling was not statistically better than counseling alone, and manual therapy alone was not better than botulinum toxin. Manual therapy combined with home therapy was better than home therapy alone in one study. Further studies are required due to the inconclusive data and poor homogeneity found in this review.

Keywords: exercise therapy, myofascial pain, myofascial pain syndromes, systematic review, temporomandibular joint disorders